Aswan High Dam
This modern engineering miracle (it is often ranked as one of the Wonders of the Modern World) was begun in the 1960s, to the accompaniment of much controversy, and was designed to replace the original built at the end of the eighteenth century. The huge dam created the Lake Nasser, a body of water so vast it has actually changed weather patterns in areas of Egypt, bringing rain where it has never rained before. Whether you approve or deplore the building of the dam, it is without doubt one of the most significant constructions in the country, almost on par with the more popular pyramids.
This beautiful rocky island in the middle of the Nile has long been the site of a major Ancient Egyptian trading town, and is now home to a number of major historic and religious sites, including the Temple of Khnum, the Temple of Satet and the Kalabsha Temple. Though most of these are in ruins today, you can find out more about them, and about the history of the island itself, at the Elephantine Museum. The island is also home to the Nilometer, one of only three on the Nile, and which was used to measure the water level of the Nile as late as the nineteenth century
The Nubian Museum
One of the best museums in the world documenting the Nubians and their history and culture. Its construction was especially important as much of the Nubian land was submerged after the opening of the Aswan High Dam, and the museum was specifically designed to document and preserve all the temples, artifacts and social and cultural history that was lost in the flooding.
- Opening Hrs: Open daily from 9am to 1pm and 6pm to 10pm
- Pricing: General admission ticket is EGP35
Temple of Horus at Edfu
Located 105 km north of Aswan, the Edfu temple complex is one of the best preserved in Egypt, and the second largest after Karnak. The temple was dedicated to Horus, the god of the sun, whose statue can be seen throughout the temple. Though somewhat less well-known when compared to Karnak, this temple is particularly special because of its remarkably well preserved state – in quiet moment, it feels as though you’ll run into a pharaonic procession just around a corner!